游泳专业词汇表Brush Up on Your Pool Talk With This Handy Swimming Glossary

用这个方便的游泳词汇表刷上你的泳池对话

在底部,我们将在3点下降5 x 200,甚至可以全速下降3:1。

如果上面的句子没有意义,那么您可能需要时间来练习游泳词汇。无论您是大师级游泳运动员还是周末单兵训练,如果您遇到需要它的情况(您知道,鸡尾酒会,谁想要成为百万富翁,或只是简单地了解游泳术语使用Active的游泳页面)。

接下来是如果您冒险进入游泳池甲板并感觉需要融入,可以轻松打印,张贴或记忆的术语简短列表!

50:一般指50码或米,这是短跑运动员和耐力运动员的常见重复距离。

100:一个50的长度的两倍,和一个普通的步速。

500:500码或米,这是许多耐力训练中常见的较长距离(相当于0.33英里)。

短程:25米/码池四个长度(或两圈)等于100米/码。

长程:50米长的泳池,两条长度或一圈等于100米。也被称为奥运距离。在庭院格式中不存在。

长度:在任何给定泳池中在一个方向上游动的距离。

Lap:距离在任何给定的泳池中回升。

设置:组成训练或训练的一部分距离的一组; 5 x 100是500米长的一套; 500,400,300,200,100是1500米长的一组。

时间间隔:完成某个演练的时间。 100米两点间隔意味着如果你能在1:40分钟内游到100米,那么在重复下一个之前,你将有20秒的休息时间。

重复:一组的组成部分; 5 x 100是一组100个重复。

阈值:在高度有氧运动中,对于给定距离,您可以持续或重复的最长时间。

速度:每次重复的时间可以在一组中持续保持不变,理想情况下比赛中您可以保持的时间(例如每100米)。

负分裂:比上半场更快完成一个设定距离后半段的动作。

甚至分裂:以相等的速度完成设定距离的前半部分和后半部分的动作。

降序:在设定的距离内增加一个人的速度(她正在下降她的一英里赛跑100米)。

在最上方:在池畔步速时钟的12点(或60秒)标记处开始一组。

在底部:在一个节奏时钟的6点(或30秒)标记处开始一组。

逐渐减少:在特定比赛之前的几周或几天内,减少训练(长度和强度)。

全部装备:在拉式装置中同时穿着的所有牵引设备(浮标,管,桨)。获得上身游泳锻炼的最佳方式。

浮标:用于稳定腿部并在水中正确位置的漂浮装置。

管:一个小轮子的基本内管,用于在穿着拉浮标时绑定脚踝;防止踢腿,并有助于保持双腿在一起(和浮标滑倒)。

桨:塑料手盘用于最大化上身拉动锻炼。有几种形状和尺寸可供选择,具体取决于您的技能和偏好。

Dragsuit:一条宽松的尼龙男女皆宜的泳装,穿在普通的练习服上,增加了对日常训练的抵抗力。

乐队训练:使用橡胶弹力线进行旱地锻炼,以加强所有四次击球所用的肌肉。

缺氧训练:以呼吸模式为训练焦点的任何类型的训练。

更多:3锻炼,以提高你的游泳

3:1:呼吸模式,每三次呼吸一次;这是一种双侧呼吸模式(你在左右两侧呼吸)。

2:1:呼吸模式,每两次呼吸一次(只在一侧呼吸,左侧或右侧呼吸)。

圈圈游泳:按标准逆时针方向在泳道中游泳,向右和向左。当不止一个人分享你的车道时,最好。

追赶行程(Catch-up stroke):在基本爬行(自由式)被改变的特殊钻头,以便每个手臂在完成下一个行程之前赶上另一个手臂(一个手臂在头部上方静止,在开始行程位置,而另一个手臂完成一个完整冲程旋转)。

刮擦:特殊的钻头只用你的双手(不是你的手臂)在水中匆匆而过;手臂在你的身边,手腕以挥舞的动作来回摆动(旨在培养对水的感觉)。当游泳圈不是一个选项时,很好的锻炼(酒店游泳池,拥挤的慢车道)。

垂直踢:在深水中执行的特殊钻(潜水井和酒店泳池深处,当无法进行单圈游泳时),在垂直位置双手交叉胸部或在头上延伸不同间隔/组。

On the bottom, we’re going to descend 5 x 200 at 3:00, even split, 3:1 with full gear.

If the above sentence makes no sense, it may be time for you to brush up on your swimming vocabulary. Regardless of whether you are a Masters swimmer or a weekend warrior who trains alone, it is helpful to familiarize yourself with swimming lingo should you come across a situation that requires it (you know, cocktail parties, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, or simply using Active’s Swimming page).

What follows is a brief list of terms that can handily be printed, posted, or memorized should you venture onto a pool deck and feel the need to blend in!

50: generally refers to 50 yards or meters, a common repeat distance for sprinters and endurance athletes alike.

100: twice the length of a 50, and a common pace distance.

500: 500 yards or meters, this is a longer distance common in many endurance workouts (equivalent to 0.33 of a mile).

Short course: a 25-meter/yard pool where four lengths (or two laps) equal 100 meters/yards.

Long course: a 50-meter pool where two lengths or one lap equals 100 meters. Also referred to as Olympic distance. Nonexistent in yard format.

Length: distance swum in one direction in any given pool.

Lap: distance swum up and back in any given pool.

Set: a grouping of distances composing part of a workout or drill; 5 x 100 is a set that is 500 meters long; 500, 400, 300, 200, 100 is a set that is 1,500 meters long.

Interval: the time given to complete a certain drill. A 2:00 interval for 100 meters means that if you can swim 100 meters in 1:40 minutes, you will have 20 seconds of rest before repeating the next one.

Repeats: the components of a set; 5 x 100 is a set of 100 repeats.

Threshold: the maximum time you can hold, or repeat, for a given distance during a highly aerobic set.

Pace: the time per repeat you can hold consistently during a set, and ideally the time (per 100 meters, for instance) that you can hold during a race.

Negative splitting: the act of completing the second half of a set distance faster than the first half.

Even splitting: the act of completing both the first half and last half of a set distance at equal speeds.

Descending: increasing one’s speed incrementally during a set distance (She is descending her one-mile race by 100 meters).

On the top: starting a set on the 12 o’clock (or 60-second) mark on a poolside pace clock.

On the bottom: starting a set on the 6 o’clock (or 30-second) mark on a pace clock.

Tapering: the act of paring down your workouts (in length and intensity) for the weeks or days leading up to a specific race.

Full gear: all pulling equipment (buoy, tube, paddles) worn simultaneously during a pull set. The best way to get an upper-body swim workout.

Buoy: flotation device used to stabilize the legs and correct body position in the water.

Tube: a basic inner-tube from a small wheel used to bind your ankles while wearing a pull buoy; prevents kicking and helps keep legs together (and buoy from slipping).

Paddles: plastic hand-disks used to maximize an upper-body pulling workout. Available in several shapes and sizes, depending on your skill and preference.

Dragsuit: a baggy, nylon unisex swimsuit, worn over a regular practice suit to add resistance to everyday training.

Band training: dry-land workout using rubber stretch cords to strengthen muscles used in all four strokes.

Hypoxic training: any type of set where a breathing pattern is the focal point of the drill.

More: 3 Workouts to Improve Your Swim

3:1: Breathing pattern where you take one breath for every three strokes; this is a bilateral breathing pattern (you breathe on both left and right sides).

2:1: Breathing pattern where you breathe once for every two strokes (you only breathe on one side, your left or right).

Circle swimming: swimming in a lane in a standard counter-clockwise direction, up the right side and back down the left. Preferable when more than one person is sharing your lane.

Catch-up stroke: special drill where basic crawl (freestyle) is altered so that each arm catches up with the other before completing the next stroke (one arm is stationary above your head, in beginning-stroke position, while the other completes a full stroke rotation).

Sculling: special drill using only your hands (not your arms) to scull your way through the water; arms at your sides, with your wrists whipping back and forth in a waving motion (designed to develop feel for the water). Good workout when lap swimming is not an option (hotel pools, crowded slow lanes).

Vertical kicking: special drill executed in deep water (diving wells and deep ends of hotel pools when lap swimming is not an option) where one kicks in a vertical position with arms crossed over chest, or extended above head for various intervals/sets.

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